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InTheLoop | 01.22.2013

The Weekly Newsletter of Berkeley Lab Computing Sciences

January 22, 2013

Computing Sciences Contributes to Breakthroughs of the Year

Every year, Science magazine editors and staff sift through numerous scientific accomplishments and ultimately crown one “Breakthrough of the Year.” Of the top ten finalists for 2012, Berkeley Lab computational researchers were major contributors to two accomplishments, including the winner: discovery of the Higgs boson. Two Department of Energy facilities managed by Berkeley Lab—NERSC and ESnet—also provided critical support that made these breakthroughs possible. Read more.

Smithsonian Magazine: Top Five Surprising Scientific Milestones of 2012

Using supercomputers at the NERSC, researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) came up with a new approach for desalinating sea water using sheets of graphene, a one-atom-thick form of the element carbon. Team members say this method can be far more efficient and possibly less expensive than existing desalination systems. In December, Smithsonian Magazine named this result the fifth "Surprising Scientific Milestone of 2012." Read the NERSC story.

Berkeley Lab Computer Scientists Develop Tools for Carbon Capture

Berkeley Lab computational scientists are playing key roles in the management of the Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative (CCSI) and development of the computational tools. CCSI is developing computational tools to help researchers design cost-efficient systems that will reduce the amount of CO2 emissions spewing from coal-fired power plants. Read more.

ESnet’s New Map Gives Up-to-the-Minute Network Data

A new interactive map developed by ESnet provides a detailed, up-to-the-minute look at the level of traffic traversing the various sections of the network as it connects 40 research sites around the country. ESnet is currently the world’s fastest coast-to-coast science network, with a national backbone that provides 100 gigabit-per-second capability. Read more.

ESnet Named One of Top Government IT Innovators—Again

For the second time in four years, ESnet has been named one of the year’s top government IT innovators by InformationWeek Government magazine. In late 2012, the magazine announced its top 15 innovators in government IT, with ESnet cited for its new 100 gigabit-per-second nationwide network funded as the Advanced Networking Initiative and launched into full production in November 2012. Read more.

As Climate Changes, So Must the Tools to Model It

An article in ASCR Discovery online magazine describes how climate models are changing to take advantage of the next generation of computers; and the last page of the article explains why the ESnet-provided capability to move huge amounts of data quickly is essential to progress in climate science. Read more.

CAMCoS Journal, Edited by CRD’s John Bell, Earns Kudos in Blog

Communications in Applied Mathematics and Computational Science (CAMCoS), a journal co-founded and edited by CRD’s John Bell, is the focus of a recent blog entitled “Five reasons why you should submit your next paper to CAMCoS.” The blog was written by David Ketcheson, an assistant professor of applied math and leader of the Numerical Mathematics Group at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia. Ketcheson begins his Jan. 17 post by saying “I have a new favorite journal.” Ketcheson goes on to say, “CAMCoS is a hidden gem ‑ it is relatively new (6 years old) and not yet as widely known as most established journals. I believe that within a few years it will be as coveted a publishing venue as any applied mathematics journal.” In his post, Ketcheson gives his top five reasons to publish in CAMCoS. Read his blog post here.

In addition to Bell, CAMCoS taps the expertise of several other CRD mathematicians: Alexandre Chorin, Phil Colella, and James Sethian also serve as editors.

Boverhof's App Earns Honorable Mention in Amazon's Web Services Competition

The Turbine Gateway, an application developed by the CRD’s Joshua Boverhof for DOE’s Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative, recently earned honorable mention in a competition sponsored by Amazon Web Services (AWS). Read more.

About Computing Sciences at Berkeley Lab

The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) Computing Sciences organization provides the computing and networking resources and expertise critical to advancing the Department of Energy's research missions: developing new energy sources, improving energy efficiency, developing new materials and increasing our understanding of ourselves, our world and our universe.

ESnet, the Energy Sciences Network, provides the high-bandwidth, reliable connections that link scientists at 40 DOE research sites to each other and to experimental facilities and supercomputing centers around the country. The National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) powers the discoveries of 6,000 scientists at national laboratories and universities, including those at Berkeley Lab's Computational Research Division (CRD). CRD conducts research and development in mathematical modeling and simulation, algorithm design, data storage, management and analysis, computer system architecture and high-performance software implementation. NERSC and ESnet are DOE Office of Science User Facilities.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory addresses the world's most urgent scientific challenges by advancing sustainable energy, protecting human health, creating new materials, and revealing the origin and fate of the universe. Founded in 1931, Berkeley Lab's scientific expertise has been recognized with 13 Nobel prizes. The University of California manages Berkeley Lab for the DOE’s Office of Science.

DOE’s Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.