Neurodata Without Borders Project Wins 2019 R&D100 Award
October 29, 2019
The Neurodata Without Borders: Neurophysiology (NWB:N) project, led by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) in collaboration with the Allen Institute for Brain Science and multiple neuroscience labs, has been selected for a 2019 R&D100 Award by R&D World magazine.
Originally launched in 2014, NWB:N is a data standard for neurophysiology research that provides neuroscientists with a software ecosystem that enables them to share, archive, use, and build tools for analyzing data, ensuring the success of brain research worldwide and accelerating the pace of scientific discovery.
Understanding how the brain works and gives rise to thoughts, memories, perception, and consciousness remains one of the greatest challenges in science. To tackle this challenge, neurophysiologists run experiments that measure neuronal activity from different parts of the brain and relate that activity to sensation and behavior. These experiments generate large, complex, and diverse datasets at terabyte scale, and the size and complexity of these datasets are expected to grow significantly under recent global investments in neuroscience research, such as the BRAIN Initiative and the E.U. Human Brain Project.
With this massive growth of data comes the need for efficient, standardized mechanisms for storing, analyzing, and sharing data. However, unlike other fields such as genetics and astronomy, neurophysiology has not had a standard data format. This has made collaboration across laboratories inefficient, direct comparison of findings difficult, and re-use of rich data almost impossible, significantly slowing overall progress in the field.
This disconnect is what prompted researchers from Berkeley Lab, the Allen Institute, Vidrio Technologies, UC Berkeley, and the broader research community to develop NWB:N, which enables the re-use of data, facilitates collaboration across laboratories, and makes high performance computing easily accessible to neuroscientific research. The NWB:N consortium was initiated by The Kavli Foundation in mid-2014 following the National Institutes of Health’s announcement of the BRAIN Initiative. Berkeley Lab’s leadership in the project evolved out of a Laboratory Directed Research and Development project, BRAINformat: A Data Standardization Framework for Neuroscience Data.
“NWB:N fills a critical gap in the neuroscience research community by providing not only a data standard but a rich software ecosystem surrounding the standard,” said Oliver Rübel, a staff scientist in the Computational Research Division’s (CRD’s) Data Analytics and Visualization Group and an NWB:N principal investigator. Unlike other data formats, NWB is open-source, free to use, supports the full scope of neurophysiology experiments, and is optimized for storing and analyzing the increasingly large datasets being generated today.
In addition to Rübel, the Berkeley Lab team includes Kristofer Bouchard, a research scientist in Berkeley Lab’s Biological Systems and Engineering Division; Andrew Tritt, a computer systems engineer in CRD and chief software architect; Ryan Ly, a computer systems engineer in CRD and core developer; Max Dougherty, research assistant; and Benjamin Dichter, community liaison for NWB:N and Berkeley Lab affiliate. They work in close collaboration with UC San Francisco’s Loren Frank and Eddie Chang; Lydia Ng and others from the Allen Institute for Brain Science; Karel Svoboda of HHMI Janelia; Nathan Clack and Lawrence Niu of Vidrio Technologies; the NWB:N Executive Board; and the broader NWB:N community.
As compute lead for OpenMSI, Rübel was also part of the Berkeley Lab-led team that won an R&D100 award in 2015 for OpenMSI, the most advanced web-available tool for analyzing and visualizing mass spectrometry instrument data.
For more information about NWB:N, visit nwb.org.
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High performance computing plays a critical role in scientific discovery. Researchers increasingly rely on advances in computer science, mathematics, computational science, data science, and large-scale computing and networking to increase our understanding of ourselves, our planet, and our universe. Berkeley Lab’s Computing Sciences Area researches, develops, and deploys new foundations, tools, and technologies to meet these needs and to advance research across a broad range of scientific disciplines.